Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops—derived from the Latin caulis, denoting the stem or stalk of a plant. The genus Brassica is known for its important agricultural and horticultural crops. 

Brassica crops are commonly used in cover cropping to:

  • Build soil organic matter

  • Relieve soil compaction

  • Improve water infiltration

  • Scavenge nutrients

  • Attract beneficial insects, or act as a trap crop

  • Create nutritious forage for livestock