Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover is usually considered a weak perennial (with a lifescan of up to 3 years). It is considered excellent forage, used in hay, silage or grazing.

  • Fixes atmospheric Nitrogen (N)

  • Good summer production (more so than White Clover)

  • Its strong taproot allows it to reach subsoil moisture

  • Red Clover is often mixed with different grass species

  • Caution should be taken on pure stands of Clover, due to the risk of Frothy Bloat in livestock

  • Intolerant to dry conditions or waterlogging

  • Requires a minimum of 750mm rainfall per annum

Trifolium repens

Trifolium vesiculosum

An annual legume with an upright growth habit, used as high quality, palatable forage or for soil conditioning.

  • Fixes atmospheric Nitrogen (N)

  • Often included in mixes with cereals (such as Rye)

  • Ideally planted in autumn (March - May) on a firm, fine seed bed

  • Slow growth over winter, with peaking production in Spring

  • Suited to temperate climates, with more than 700mm rainfall per annum

  • Although can be established in varied soil types, is intolerant to water logging

  • Seeding rate is dependent on area and planting method (8-15kg/ha)

  • Fertilization may be required

  • Utilised in intercropping - for example, under irrigation maize

White Clover

Perennial legume suited to high rainfall areas or under irrigation.

  • Fixes atmospheric Nitrogen (N)

  • Palatable, high quality feed that can be easily digested

  • Can withstand high stocking levels, due to stolons

  • Useful as cover on orchard floors, or as a living mulch

  • Adapted to different soil types​

  • Performs best in temperate or subtropical climates

  • Shade tolerant

  • Seeding rate is dependant on the area (4-10kg/ha if planted straight, 2-5kg/ha if planted in a mix)

Arrowleaf Clover